Mental health mention cognitive, behavioural, and emotional welfare It is all about people thinking, feeling, and behaving. People use the phrase “mental health” to mean the non-appearance of a mental disorder.
Mental health can act on daily living, relationships, and physical health.
Although, Elements in people’s activity teamwork connections and physical factors can all take part in mental health disruptions.
Take care of mental health can maintain a person’s skills to enjoy life. Doing this demands a balance between life activities, responsibilities, and efforts to gain psychological flexibility.
Conditions such as stress, depression, and anxiety can all act on mental health and disrupt a person’s routine.
However, the term mental health is in common use, many conditions that doctors acknowledge as psychological disorders have physical roots.
In this article, we explain what people mean by mental health and mental illness. We also describe the most common types of mental disorders, including their early signs and how to treat them.
Risk factors for mental health conditions
Everyone has some risk of developing a mental health disorder, no matter their age, sex, income, or ethnicity.
In the U.S. and much of the developed world, mental disorders are one of the prime causes of disability.
Social and financial circumstances, biological elements lifestyle choices can all shape a person’s mental health.
A large percentage of people with a mental health disorder have more than one condition at a time.
It is essential to note that good mental health pivot on a fine balance of factors and that several elements of life and the world at large can work together to donate to disorders.
The following factors may contribute to mental health disruptions.
Continuous social and economic pressure
Having restricted financial resources or belonging to a marginalized or persecuted ethnic group can enhance the risk of mental health disorders.
A 2015 study of 903 families in Iran recognize several socioeconomic causes of mental health conditions, including poverty and living on the dementia of a large city.
The researchers also explained the difference in the accessibility and quality of mental health treatment for certain groups in terms of modifiable factors, which can change over time, and non-modifiable factors, which are permanent.
Modifiable factors for mental health disorders include:
- Socioeconomic conditions, such whether work is possible in the local area
- A person’s level of social participation
- Housing quality
Non-modifiable factors include:
The study lists gender as both a modifiable and non-modifiable factor. The researchers found that being female increased the risk of low mental health status by 3.96 times.
People with a “weak economic status” also scored highest for mental health conditions in this study.
- The NIMH suggest that genetic family history can increase the likelihood of mental health conditions, as certain genes and gene variants put a person at higher risk.
- However, many other factors contribute to the development of these disorders.
- Having a gene with links to a mental health disorder, such as depression or schizophrenia, does not guarantee that a condition will develop. Likewise, people without related genes or a family history of mental illness can still have mental health issues.
- Mental health conditions such as stress, depression, and anxiety may develop due to underlying, life-changing physical health problems, such as cancer, diabetes, and chronic pain.
Common mental health disorders
The most common types of mental illness are as follows:
- anxiety disorders
- mood disorders
- schizophrenia disorders
- Anxiety disorders
According to the Anxiety and Depression Association of America, anxiety disorders are the most common type of mental illness.
People with these conditions have severe fear or anxiety, which relates to certain objects or situations. Most people with an anxiety disorder will try to avoid exposure to whatever triggers their anxiety.
Examples of anxiety disorders include:
Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD).
People might also experience physical symptoms, including
- tense muscles
- interrupted sleep
A bout of anxiety symptoms does not necessarily need a specific trigger in people with GAD.
They may experience excessive anxiety on encountering everyday situations that do not present a direct danger, such as chores or keeping appointments. A person with GAD may sometimes feel anxiety with no trigger at all.
People with a panic disorder experience regular panic attacks, which involve sudden, overwhelming terror or a sense of imminent disaster and death.
There are different types of phobia:
These might involve a disproportionate fear of specific objects, scenarios, or animals. A fear of spiders is a common example. Learn more about simple phobias here.
Sometimes known as social anxiety, this is a fear of being subject to the judgment of others. People with social phobia often restrict their exposure to social environments.
This term refers to a fear of situations in which getting away may be difficult, such as being in an elevator or moving train. Many people misunderstand this phobia as a fear of being outside. Read all about agoraphobia here.
Phobias are deeply personal, and doctors do not know every type. There could be thousands of phobias, and what might seem unusual to one person may be a severe problem that dominates daily life for another.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
People with OCD have obsessions and compulsions. In other words, they experience constant, stressful thoughts and a powerful urge to perform repetitive acts, such as hand washing.
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
PTSD can occur after a person experiences or witnesses a deeply stressful or traumatic event. During this type of event, the person thinks that their life or other people’s lives are in danger. They may feel afraid or that they have no control over what is happening.
Discover how to recognize and treat PTSD.
People may also refer to mood disorders as affective disorders or depressive disorders. People with these conditions have significant changes in mood, generally involving either mania, which is a period of high energy and elation, or depression. Examples of mood disorders include:
An individual with major depression experiences a constant low mood and loses interest in activities and events that they previously enjoyed. They can feel prolonged periods of sadness or extreme sadness.
A person with bipolar disorder experiences unusual changes in their mood, energy levels, levels of activity, and ability to continue with daily life. Periods of high mood are known as manic phases, while depressive phases bring on low mood.
Seasonal affective Disorder (SAD)
Reduced daylight triggers during the fall, winter, and early spring months trigger this type of major depression. It is most common in countries far from the equator.
Mental health authorities are still trying to determine whether schizophrenia is a single disorder or a group of related illnesses. It is a highly complex condition.
- Signs of schizophrenia typically develop between the ages of 16 and 30 years, according to the NIMH. The individual will have thoughts that appear fragmented, and they may also find it hard to process information.
- Schizophrenia has negative and positive symptoms. Positive symptoms include delusions, thought disorders, and hallucinations. Negative symptoms include withdrawal, lack of motivation, and a flat or inappropriate mood.
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