Calcium is an essential element for our body. Our body needs calcium to carry out important processes of the body. Calcium is a structural component of bones and teeth. It supports their structure and hardness. Calcium in the blood is also important whereas it is necessary for proper heart functioning and muscle contraction. Calcium deficiency arises when a person is not getting enough calcium concentration. When we are nor taking enough concentration then calcium deficiency develops. It can lead to osteoporosis, osteopenia, hypocalcemia (calcium deficiency disease).
What are the Causes of Calcium Deficiency?
There are many factors which cause calcium deficiency or hypocalcemia. Few causes are as follows
- Malnourishment leads to it. If our diet is not balanced or we are not taking minerals in the right proportion.
- While Neglecting dairy products can also cause deficiency
- Malabsorption which is the condition in which the body can’t absorb the essential minerals in the body. In the case of Vitamin D deficit, our bones don’t absorb calcium. In such a case, calcium remains in our body. It can cause kidney stones.
- Excessive medicine intake that prevents calcium intake. Medicines like rifampin, phenobarbital, phenytoin or corticosteroids which are used to control calcium levels in the body.
- Poor Ca intake in childhood can also lead to this deficiency. In childhood our bones and teeth are growing, in such a crucial stage our body needs immense nourishment. In the case hypocalcemia, body structures don’t grow enough also this persists for a lifetime.
- Genetic disorders and mutations
- Hormonal changes or disorders like hyperthyroidism. In such condition, the thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough parathyroid hormone which controls Ca level thus deficiency is evident.
- Menopause is the time in a woman’s lifetime in which the mensural cycle stops while women stop producing estrogen and progesterone which are important to absorb calcium in bones. After menopause calcium doesn’t absorb in our bones.
- During the mensural cycle, hormones need a lot of calcium. So, mensurating females from hypocalcemia.
Other symptoms include:
- Hypermagnesemia or hypomagnesemia
- Renal failure (kidney failure)
What are the Symptoms of Calcium Deficiency?
The main symptom of calcium deficiency is bone weakening. There might be complex symptoms of hypocalcemia whereas many other diseases might be a result of it. The common symptoms are as follows:
- Persistent back pain
- Pain in different parts
- Sharp headaches
- Muscle cramps
- Difficulty in sleeping (insomnia)
- Weakened teeth
- Extreme period cramps
- Skin problems
How Calcium Deficiency Affects Body?
Calcium deficiency can affect the body in multiple ways
- It affects our teeth and causes tooth decay. Our teeth and bones are made up of calcium. If there is not enough calcium in blood then calcium from bones starts to dissolve in the blood.
- It causes hair to fall. Whereas Vitamin D deficiency and hypocalcemia are complimentary. Calcium and vitamin D strengthens the hair follicles. So, hair fall might be the first symptom of hypocalcemia.
- Hypocalcemia causes muscle spasms, pain and twitching. Calcium is needed for muscles for proper functioning.
- It causes extreme fatigue and exhaustion. It makes a person sluggish thus be unable to focus and concentrate on his work. Especially, in summers, it causes body pain.
- Hypocalcemia damages the skin while making the skin dry and dull. In extreme cases, it causes eczema, skin inflammation, dry, itchy patches and severe skin issues.
- Nails also become brittle due to Ca deficit thus sudden nail breakage is a result of it.
How Calcium Deficiency can be Prevented?
It can occur at any age. There might be hidden reasons for it. Hypocalcemia can be prevented by
- Changing diet orientation and eat more of a balanced diet.
- Include dairy products in your diet. Milk is a whole meal which contains the maximum amount of calcium. Make habit of eating yoghurt in the morning because besides calcium it provides other benefits as well.
- Women should be more careful about it as compared to men thus they should include at least two glasses of pf milk in their daily routine.
- Start taking calcium supplements from an early age. Mensurating girls should also take these supplements. Women of above 30 should also take vitamin D supplement.
- Eat more green vegetables. Leafy green vegetables are rich in calcium.
- Reduce soft drink, fizzy drink or caffeine intake because these drain out calcium from bones into the blood.
- Eat more seafood as it is rich in minerals and nutrients because besides providing calcium it is a rich source of vitamins.
- Sprinkle them over your meals because sesame seeds are rich in calcium
Ca deficit can have serious implications on human health. take preventive measures before its too late.
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