Some people truly love plants while others love to decorate their homes with plants. Some people are concerned about the sustainable future while others gain important benefits from plants. In all situations, plants have particular purposes. But besides these surface benefits, some plants do more than that. These plants serve the role of “Air-Purifying Plants”. In this era of immense air pollution, we should consider it mandatory for ourselves, to grow such air purifying plants. These plants are ideal for those people who want to do something good for their homes and the environment. NASA has recommended that we should all have air-purifying plants in our homes, for a better and sustainable environment in future.
Mechanism of Purification
Plants are autotrophs and make their food by absorbing sunlight and breaking down complex chemical compounds. Thus, releases oxygen in the atmosphere. Plants basically absorb Carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. But some plants do more than that. Some plants are water purifiers and some are air purifiers while others are soil remediators. The process of purification of contaminants from the soil is called phytoremediation. The plants in soil take up the contaminants (like organic pollutants, heavy metals) from the soil and break them down into basic compounds. Likewise, the air-purifying plants take the air pollutants in from their stomatal openings and break them down into simpler compounds. Air purifying plants can absorb VOCs, organic pollutants and some other air pollutants and break these compounds and take nutrients.
In this article, you will read five air-purifying plants with their characteristics.
The scientific name of Devil Ivy is Epipremnum aureum. Its common name is “Golden Pothos”, “Money Plant”.Devil Ivy is an excellent air-purifying plant. It is native to Solomon Island and it is a medium-light loving plant. It needs to be watered every week. Money plant is a human-loving plant but keep it away from pets and children. Devil Ivy (Money Plant) survives harsh conditions and it is almost difficult to kill it. Its leaves are broad and having marble pattern while the creepers of Devil Ivy needs to be cut every month because they propagate really fast. As an air purifier, Devil Ivy has an excellent ability to remove chemicals and pollutants from the air like formaldehyde, xylene and toluene.
The scientific name of peace lily is Spathiphyllum. It is a native plant of rainforests of America and it is a good ornamental plant for those who love to decorate their homes as well as want air purifying plants. Peace lily has a hooded white flower and Its flowers bloom in the spring season. It is included in NASA’s list of air-purifying plants. Peace Lily loves indirect sunlight. In case of intense sunlight, leaves will suffer from decolouration. Peace lily needs to be watered every week. The peace lily is not safe for pets and children because it contains calcium oxalate. It can prove toxic when ingested. Peace lily has been proved effective in removing air pollutants through leaves. They send these air pollutants to the soil where microbes break them down.
Among air-purifying plants, rubber plant s much renowned. Its scientific name is Ficus elastica. Its sap is the source of rubber sometimes that is why its name is “Rubber Plant”. It belongs to the family of fig trees which is a native plant of South and Southeast Asia. It is easy to grow rubber plant. Its leaves are shiny and rubbery. In terms of care, rubber plants need a specific amount of water and sunlight. Rubber needs intense indirect sunlight. It needs a lot of water in a growing season like summers and soil should be kept moist.
Rubber plant gets carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and converts it in breathable oxygen. It also filters spores and moulds present in the air. So, rubber plant will serve dal benefit, it will adorn the interior of your house and also provide you with fresh air. But be careful, a stem of rubber plant can cause serious itching!
The heart-shaped Philodendron has the most beautiful, intricate leaves. It is a no-fail plant because it is very easy to grow which needs little more water than a usual plant. It is a very common indoor plant. Philodendron is an indicator pant which will tell you if it is growing well. Care of Philodendron is very easy to do because Philodendron needs moderate sunlight. The older leaves get white which is an indication that you have to trim it. Philodendron is considered an air-purifying plant. It is a really effective air purifying plant which absorbs air pollutants and toxins.
The scientific name of the snake plant is Dracaena trifasciata. It is also called as “Mother-in-law” tongue due to the intricate designs draw on its leaves resemble tongue. It is relatively easy to grow snake plant by cutting the leave and planting it in a pot. If it is not watered for a week, the intricate design of leaves will remain intact. It needs low sunlight and less water. It is loved for its property of producing oxygen at night. Its ability to purify the air is so remarkable because it can remove benzene, formaldehyde, trichloroethylene, xylene, and toluene from the air.
NASA has recommended 12 air-purifying plants to plant indoor. Every plant has a unique characteristic and it needs a slight set of care which has to be followed. So, don’t waste your money on expensive air-purifiers, just keep these air-purifying plants in your house and you will have an unlimited supply of fresh air.
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